anxiety disorder includes symptoms such as
jumpiness, irritability, tension, difficulty
concentrating, or fatigue. People are on edge and
have trouble falling asleep. Excessive anxiety and
worry about activities such as work or school are
difficult to control and persistent, continuing for
more than a few weeks.
- Panic disorder
makes people panic suddenly, without cause.. They
become very frightened and often think they are
going to die. Heart palpitations, sweating,
trembling, dizziness, chest pains and a sense of
unreality are some of the symptoms. A panic attack
generally lasts a few minutes. Panic disorder may
last a few weeks or months or recur over time.
Anticipation of another attack can make people
afraid to leave home or be alone.
is the diagnosis when panic attacks become so
frequent that people just stay home, sometimes for
years. This anxiety disorder, also called a
phobia, causes people to avoid crowds, tunnels,
stores, elevators or public transportation--places
from which they can't easily escape.
- Specific phobia
and social phobia are other types of phobias.
They cause persistent, irrational fears of specific
objects or activities, such as animals or flying,
and unreasonable fears of being embarrassed or
humiliated in social settings.
stress disorder is a reaction to an overwhelming
or extraordinary event such as war, rape, flood, or
torture, when people felt intense fear and
helplessness. They experience the event over and
over in their thoughts and dreams. They become
unresponsive to others, have little interest in
activities, can't sleep or concentrate, and suffer
from memory problems and angry outbursts.
disorder (OCD) causes an uncontrollable
repetition of thoughts or behaviors, stemming from a
fear of harm or of harming others. People with OCD
often perform rituals, such as repeatedly washing
their hands or checking to see if they have turned
off the stove. People with OCD perform these rituals
even though they know their behavior is illogical.