Mental Illness - Therapy and Treatment Options
There are many different kinds of
therapy. Appropriate treatment will be selected
according to the diagnosis and severity of illness.
some people, psychosocial therapy or social support is
what is needed. For other people, psychosocial
therapy and medication are prescribed, for example, in
severe disorders such as bipolar disorder, depression and
are many types of medication available. Getting
the appropriate medication depends on getting an
accurate diagnosis from a qualified medical professional.
are many forms of psychosocial therapy; including group
and family therapy, marital counseling, recreational
therapy, and occupational therapy. These various
therapies can help people with family relationships,
communication skills, skills for daily living, and
social and job skills.
some situations, treatment may take place at home, or in
a group setting in the community. In other situations,
hospitalization may be needed. Getting appropriate
treatment depends on getting an accurate diagnosis from
a qualified professional.
You And Your Family Can Help
As people begin to get better, it
is important to prevent a relapse (recurrence of a psychotic
episode), since a relapse can be demoralizing for everyone.
To help maintain the recovery
reasonable goals that are obtainable in the near future.
Setting expectations too high sets everyone up for stress and
failure. Encourage and recognize progress, even if it is
less than what was hoped for. Goals for some people may
be taking a course at school or part-time volunteer work; for
others, getting out of bed or coming to the dinner table is an
- Learn to reduce stress.
The sorts of stress that most people handle every day may have
much more impact on someone who is ill. Stress can make
people with mental illness vulnerable to relapse.
- Talk to each other and to
the healthcare team. Communication is important of
you're all going to work together.
- Be encouraging and
supportive. A critical, over involved, or
overprotective attitude may be threatening to people who are
ill and may undermine their confidence.
- Learn problem-solving
techniques. It's important that people be able to
solve their own problems. However, you can all work
together to identify problems and possible solutions.
- Be sensitive.
Avoid comparisons to friends colleagues, or family
members. Other people's success at work, school, or in
their social lives may only emphasize how far behind people
are who are ill.
- Encourage compliance in
taking medication. Families should encourage loved
ones to follow the clinician's instructions regarding their
medication. Without nagging or criticism, you can
help them remember to take their medication by pointing out
how much they have accomplished.
- Avoid relapse by knowing
the early signs. If you notice your loved one losing
interest in things, becoming increasingly depressed, having
difficulty concentrating, with drawing socially, having
difficulty making decisions, having sleep problems, feeling
overcommitted or over expansive, or if you notice other
feelings or actions unique to you loved one, call the
clinician immediately. Getting professional help early enough
may prevent a relapse.
When someone you love is
diagnosed with a mental illness, how can your family help? Your
family should work together with the person who is ill and the
team of mental healthcare professionals. Learn all you can
about the illness; understanding can help you cope. Take things
slowly, step by step. The speed of progress is not as
important as the direction.
How to Get Professional Help
S. Thompson is waiting to help. Remember, the first step
is recognizing there is a problem and the second step to help is
calling. Call 713-395-1555 Ext. 2651 today to set up your first consultation.
Read about warnings signs, diagonsis and types of mental illness.